Overview of animal models in vaccine testing | 08 june 2011 conclusions on animal models proof-of-concept testing in animal disease models. Historically, the concept of animal models of human health problems was formulated in response to concerns about infectious diseases the basic assumption was that if animals used in laboratories experimentally contracted an infection and were cured, there was a high probability of stopping the same disease in humans. The ethics of animal experimentation there exists a wide range of positions on the debate over the ethics of animal testing the two views mentioned above . How we do research with animals follow us understanding animal research procedures on animals research overview share page why testing on prisoners is .
Use the browser controls to adjust the font size, or print this page alternative test methods are methods that replace, reduce, or refine animal use in research and testing, a concept first described by william russell and rex burch in their 1959 book the principles of humane experimental technique . Alternatives to animal testing were proposed to overcome some of the drawbacks associated with animal experiments and avoid the unethical procedures the concept . Animal testing animal testing (also known as animal experimentation or animal research) is the use of non-human animal models for research and development by academic institutes and commercial pharmaceutical companies.
Animal testing, using animals as human substitutes to test products for safety, began with greek anatomists, since doctors at the time had very little understanding of anatomy, whether human or . The government allows animal testing to take place in order to keep humans safe, but it doesn't occur without controversy the quiz covers relevant examples as well as reasons for testing animals . Ethical considerations in animal use the use of animals in research and teaching is a subject that stirs controversy among many people the reasons for this are complex and are rooted deep in history, religion and culture.
Start studying animal medical research pros & cons learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools animal testing has suppled . Home news & events animal research research using animals: an overview research using animals: an overview understanding how the body works and how diseases progress, and finding cures, vaccines or treatments, can take many years of painstaking work using a wide range of research techniques. The 3rs: replacement, reduction, and refinement, are important from a legal, ethical and scientific standpoint all research using animals in the us, for example at universities and pharmaceutical companies, is regulated by the animal welfare act (awa), which is administered by the animal and plant health inspection service (aphis) of the us department of agriculture. 1 million animals used in experiments (excluding rats, mice, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and agricultural animals used in agricultural experiments), plus an estimated 100 million mice and rats canada (2013) (3) 302 million animals used in experiments 78,294 animals subjected to “severe pain near . At the same time we have voiced our opinions on the use of various alternatives to animal testing overview of animal testing whole concept of animal testing and .
The overview summary introduces the topic of animal testing within the commercial products industry the article introduces a number of federal agencies responsible for monitoring and regulating animal testing. Government regulations in many countries require toxicity testing on animals as a condition for the importation or sale of pesticides, industrial chemicals, drugs, medical devices, vaccines, genetically modified foods, and some consumer products depending on the product type, its likely toxicity . Pros and cons of animal testing animal testing is used in many different industries, mainly medical and cosmetic animals are used in order to ensure the products are safe for the use of humans.
Here are the top 10 reasons why animal testing is, if not a pleasant thing, both right and necessary most researchers support the three r concept of refinement . The rights of animals / tamara l roleff, book editor, jennifer a hurley, animal experimentation: an overview by joy mench 41 to animal testing and . Though many may assume russell and burch’s concept specifically seeks to eliminate animal testing in favor of alternatives, the three rs are much broader and seek to alleviate animal suffering in a variety of ways.